Over the last few weeks we have shared ways in which Speech and Language Pathologists (SLP) treat children with a variety of Speech, Language and Swallowing/Feeding difficulties.  In that article we focused on birth to 6 months through to four years.  This week’s article is the final one in this series and will cover your child’s development up until six years old.  It should be noted that no two children develop the same set of skills at the same time and therefore the information presented below should only be used as a guideline.  If you have concerns regarding your child’s Speech, Language or Feeding/Swallowing development, you should contact your physician to determine if your child should be evaluated by a Speech and Language Pathologist.

 

This week’s article will cover your child’s development from 5-6 years

 

Sound Development
  • 3-6 years: /r,l,s/
  • 3.5-7 years: /”ch”,”sh”,z/
  • 4-8 years: j,v,“th” voiced and voiceless
Speech Intelligibility (Percentage of time a child is understood)
  • 5+ years: 90-100%
Average Sentence Length
  • 47+ months: 4.5+
  • Adds negative questions
  • Uses “nobody, no more”
Pragmatics / Social Language Development
  • Begins to use word plays
  • Uses threats and promises
  • Asks meaning of words
  • Likes to do projects, make purchases at stores
  • Asks questions for information
  • Chooses own friends
  • Takes more care in communicating with unfamiliar people
  • Engages in cooperative play such as making group decisions
  • Assigning roles and playing fair
  • Announces topic shifts
Concepts
  • Understands opposite concepts such as “big/little, over/under”
  • Understands “left/right”
  • Understands number concepts up to 20
  • Answers “how are things the same/different?”
  • Uses adjectives for describing
  • Uses comparative adjectives such as “loud, louder”
  • Uses yesterday and tomorrow
  • Uses adverb concepts “backward, forward”
  • Uses prepositions “through, nearest, middle”
  • Names ordinal numbers such as “first, second third”
Vocabulary/Number of words spoken
  • 60 months (5 years): 2,200-2,500 words
  • 6 years: 2,600-7,000
Listening
  • Repeats sentences up to nine words in length
  • Follows three-step directions
  • Responds correctly to more types of sentences but may still be confused at times by more complex sentences
Feeding ·         Children continue to eat what the family is eating.

If you have concerns regarding your child’s Speech, Language or Feeding/Swallowing development, you should contact your physician to determine if your child should be evaluated by a Speech and Language Pathologist (SLP).  If you have questions you can reach an SLP at North Country Hospital, Rehabilitation Department by calling 334-3260.

 

Submitted by: Kate Bailey, MS, CCC-SLP and Crystal O’Keefe, MA, CCC-SLP, Speech-Language Pathologists at North Country Hospital, who combined have over 23 years of experience.